International
Tables for Crystallography Volume A Spacegroup symmetry Edited by M. I. Aroyo © International Union of Crystallography 2016 
International Tables for Crystallography (2016). Vol. A, ch. 3.2, p. 731


Figure 3.2.1.2
Maximal subgroups and minimal supergroups of the twodimensional crystallographic point groups. Solid lines indicate maximal normal subgroups; double solid lines mean that there are two maximal normal subgroups with the same symbol. Dashed lines refer to sets of maximal conjugate subgroups. The group orders are given on the left. 