International
Tables for Crystallography Volume B Reciprocal space Edited by U. Shmueli © International Union of Crystallography 2006 
International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. B, ch. 1.3, p. 70

The standard convolution theorems derived in the absence of symmetry are readily seen to follow from simple properties of functions (denoted simply e in formulae which are valid for both signs), namely: These relations imply that the families of functions both generate an algebra of functions, i.e. a vector space endowed with an internal multiplication, since (i) and (ii) show how to `linearize products'.
Friedel's law (when applicable) on the one hand, and the Fourier relation between intensities and the Patterson function on the other hand, both follow from the property
When crystallographic symmetry is present, the convolution theorems remain valid in their original form if written out in terms of `expanded' data, but acquire a different form when rewritten in terms of symmetryunique data only. This rewriting is made possible by the extra relation (Section 1.3.4.2.2.5) or equivalently
The kernels of symmetrized Fourier transforms are not the functions e but rather the symmetrized sums for which the linearization formulae are readily obtained using (i), (ii) and (iv) as where the choice of sign in ± must be the same throughout each formula.
Formulae defining the `structurefactor algebra' associated to G were derived by Bertaut (1955c, 1956b,c, 1959a,b) and Bertaut & Waser (1957) in another context.
The forward convolution theorem (in discrete form) then follows. Let then with
The backward convolution theorem is derived similarly. Let then with Both formulae are simply orbit decompositions of their symmetryfree counterparts.
References
Bertaut, E. F. (1955c). Fonction de répartition: application à l'approache directe des structures. Acta Cryst. 8, 823–832.Google ScholarBertaut, E. F. (1956b). Tables de linéarisation des produits et puissances des facteurs de structure. Acta Cryst. 9, 322–323.Google Scholar
Bertaut, E. F. (1956c). Algèbre des facteurs de structure. Acta Cryst. 9, 769–770.Google Scholar
Bertaut, E. F. (1959a). IV. Algèbre des facteurs de structure. Acta Cryst. 12, 541–549.Google Scholar
Bertaut, E. F. (1959b). V. Algèbre des facteurs de structure. Acta Cryst. 12, 570–574.Google Scholar
Bertaut, E. F. & Waser, J. (1957). Structure factor algebra. II. Acta Cryst. 10, 606–607.Google Scholar