International
Tables for Crystallography Volume B Reciprocal space Edited by U. Shmueli © International Union of Crystallography 2006 
International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. B, ch. 3.4, pp. 389390

The structure factor with generalized coefficients is defined by The corresponding Patterson function is defined by The physical interpretation of the Patterson function is that it is nonzero only at the intersite vector points . If the origin point is removed, the lattice sum may be expressed as an integral over the Patterson function. This origin point in the Patterson function corresponds to intersite vectors with and : Using the incomplete gamma function as a convergence function, this formula expands into two integrals The first integral is shown only for a consistent representation; actually it will be reconverted to a sum and evaluated in direct space. The first part of the second integral will be evaluated with Parseval's theorem and the second part in the limit as approaches zero: The first Fourier transform (of the Patterson function) is the set of amplitudes of the structure factors and the second Fourier transform has already been discussed above; the method for obtaining the limit (for n equal to or greater than 1) was also discussed above. The result obtained is The integral can be converted into a sum, since is nonzero only at the reciprocallattice points: The term with is evaluated in the limit, for n greater than 3, as Since , this term is identical with the third term of as derived earlier. The case of is handled in the same way as previously discussed, where the limit of this term is zero provided the unit cell has no net charge or dipole moment.