International
Tables for
Crystallography
Volume B
Reciprocal space
Edited by U. Shmueli

International Tables for Crystallography (2010). Vol. B, ch. 1.3, p. 44   | 1 | 2 |

## Section 1.3.2.6.7. The Poisson summation formula

G. Bricognea

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#### 1.3.2.6.7. The Poisson summation formula

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Let , so that . Let R be the lattice distribution associated to lattice Λ, with period matrix A, and let be associated to the reciprocal lattice . Then we may write: i.e. This identity, which also holds for , is called the Poisson summation formula. Its usefulness follows from the fact that the speed of decrease at infinity of ϕ and are inversely related (Section 1.3.2.4.4.3 ), so that if one of the series (say, the left-hand side) is slowly convergent, the other (say, the right-hand side) will be rapidly convergent. This procedure has been used by Ewald (1921) [see also Bertaut (1952) , Born & Huang (1954) ] to evaluate lattice sums (Madelung constants) involved in the calculation of the internal electrostatic energy of crystals (see Chapter 3.4 in this volume on convergence acceleration techniques for crystallographic lattice sums and Chapter 3.5 on modern extensions of the Ewald summation method).

When ϕ is a multivariate Gaussian then and Poisson's summation formula for a lattice with period matrix A reads: or equivalently with ### References

Bertaut, E. F. (1952). L'énergie électrostatique de réseaux ioniques. J. Phys. Radium, 13, 499–505.
Born, M. & Huang, K. (1954). Dynamical Theory of Crystal Lattices. Oxford University Press.
Ewald, P. P. (1921). Die Berechnung optischer und electrostatischer Gitterpotentiale. Ann. Phys. Leipzig, 64, 253–287.