Tables for
Volume C
Mathematical, physical and chemical tables
Edited by E. Prince

International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, ch. 4.1, p. 186

Section 4.1.1. Introduction

V. Valvodaa

aDepartment of Physics of Semiconductors, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech Republic

4.1.1. Introduction

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The radiations used in crystallography are either electromagnetic waves or beams of particles. The choice of radiation depends on the type of crystallographic information needed. The most general tool for obtaining any crystallographic information is diffraction but other types of scattering or reflection and absorption phenomena are also used in general crystallography (see Fig.[link] ).


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Schematic diagram of the main types of radiation application in crystallography (dashed lines represent structure investigation on a larger than atomic scale).

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