International
Tables for Crystallography Volume D Physical properties of crystals Edited by A. Authier © International Union of Crystallography 2006 |
International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. D, ch. 1.1, p. 10
Section 1.1.3.8.4. Development of a vector function in a Taylor series^{a}Institut de Minéralogie et de la Physique des Milieux Condensés, Bâtiment 7, 140 rue de Lourmel, 75015 Paris, France |
Let be a vector function. Its development as a Taylor series is writtenThe coefficients of the expansion, , are tensors of rank .
An example is given by the relation between displacement and electric field: (see Sections 1.6.2 and 1.7.2 ).
We see that the linear relation usually employed is in reality a development that is arrested at the first term. The second term corresponds to nonlinear optics. In general, it is very small but is not negligible in ferroelectric crystals in the neighbourhood of the ferroelectric–paraelectric transition. Nonlinear optics are studied in Chapter 1.7 .