Tables for
Volume D
Physical properties of crystals
Edited by A. Authier

International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. D, ch. 2.3, p. 314

Section 2.3.1. Introduction

I. Gregoraa*

aInstitute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, CZ-18221 Prague 8, Czech Republic
Correspondence e-mail:

2.3.1. Introduction

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The term Raman scattering, traditionally used for light scattering by molecular vibrations or optical lattice vibrations in crystals, is often applied in a general sense to a vast variety of phenomena of inelastic scattering of photons by various excitations in molecules, solids or liquids. In crystals these excitations may be collective (phonons, plasmons, polaritons, magnons) or single-particle (electrons, electron–hole pairs, vibrational and electronic excitation of impurities). Raman scattering provides an important tool for the study of the properties of these excitations. In the present chapter, we shall briefly review the general features of Raman scattering in perfect crystals on a phenomenological basis, paying special attention to the consequences of the crystal symmetry. Our focus will be mainly on Raman scattering by vibrational excitations of the crystal lattice – phonons. Nevertheless, most of the conclusions have general validity and may be (with possible minor modifications) transferred also to inelastic scattering by other excitations.

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