International
Tables for Crystallography Volume D Physical properties of crystals Edited by A. Authier © International Union of Crystallography 2006 |
International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. D, ch. 2.4, p. 330
Section 2.4.3. Coupling of light with elastic waves^{a}Laboratoire des Verres, Université Montpellier 2, Case 069, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier CEDEX, France |
The change in the relative optical dielectric tensor produced by an elastic wave is usually expressed in terms of the strain, using the Pockels piezo-optic tensor p, as The elastic wave should, however, be characterized by both strain S and rotation A (Nelson & Lax, 1971; see also Section 1.3.1.3 ):The square brackets on the left-hand side are there to emphasize that the component is antisymmetric upon interchange of the indices, . For birefringent crystals, the rotations induce a change of the local in the laboratory frame. In this case, (2.4.3.1) must be replaced by where is the new piezo-optic tensor given by One finds for the rotational partIf the principal axes of the dielectric tensor coincide with the crystallographic axes, this gives This is the expression used in this chapter, as monoclinic and triclinic groups are not listed in the tables below.
For the calculation of the Brillouin scattering, it is more convenient to use which is valid for small .
Piezoelectric media also exhibit an electro-optic effect linear in the applied electric field or in the field-induced crystal polarization. This effect is described in terms of the third-rank electro-optic tensor r defined by Using the same approach as in (2.4.2.10), for long waves can be expressed in terms of , and (2.4.3.8) leads to an effective Pockels tensor accounting for both the piezo-optic and the electro-optic effects: The total change in the inverse dielectric tensor is then The same equation (2.4.3.7) applies.
References
Nelson, D. F. & Lax, M. (1971). Theory of photoelastic interaction. Phys. Rev. B, 3, 2778–2794.