International
Tables for Crystallography Volume D Physical properties of crystals Edited by A. Authier © International Union of Crystallography 2013 |
International Tables for Crystallography (2013). Vol. D, ch. 1.1, p. 9
Section 1.1.3.6.2. How to change the variance of the components of a tensor^{a}Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France |
Let us take a tensor product We know that It follows that is a tensor product of two vectors expressed in the dual space:
One can thus pass from the doubly covariant form to the doubly contravariant form of the tensor by means of the relation
This result is general: to change the variance of a tensor (in practice, to raise or lower an index), it is necessary to make the contracted product of this tensor using or , according to the case. For instance,