Tables for
Volume E
Subperiodic groups
Edited by V. Kopský and D. B. Litvin

International Tables for Crystallography (2010). Vol. E, ch. 1.2, p. 7   | 1 | 2 |

Section 1.2.3.  Headline

V. Kopskýa and D. B. Litvinb*

aFreelance research scientist, Bajkalská 1170/28, 100 00 Prague 10, Czech Republic, and bDepartment of Physics, The Eberly College of Science, Penn State – Berks Campus, The Pennsylvania State University, PO Box 7009, Reading, PA 19610–6009, USA
Correspondence e-mail:

1.2.3. Headline

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The description of a subperiodic group starts with a headline on a left-hand page, consisting of two or three lines which contain the following information when read from left to right.

  • First line:

    • (1) The short international (Hermann–Mauguin) symbol of the subperiodic group type. Each symbol has two meanings. The first is that of the Hermann–Mauguin symbol of the subperiodic group type. The second meaning is that of a specific subperiodic group which belongs to this subperiodic group type. Given a coordinate system, this group is defined by the list of symmetry operations (see Section 1.2.9[link]) given on the page headed by that Hermann–Mauguin symbol, or by the given list of general positions (see Section 1.2.11[link]). Alternatively, this group is defined by the given diagrams (see Section 1.2.6[link]). The Hermann–Mauguin symbols for the subperiodic group types are distinct except for the rod- and frieze-group types [{\scr p}1] (R1, F1), [{\scr p}211] (R3, F2) and [{\scr p}11m] (R10, F4).

    • (2) The short international (Hermann–Mauguin) point group symbol for the geometric class to which the subperiodic group belongs.

    • (3) The name used in classifying the subperiodic group types. For layer groups this is the combination crystal system/Bravais system classification given in the first two columns of Table[link], and for rod and frieze groups this is the crystal system classification in the first columns of Tables[link] and[link], respectively.

  • Second line:

    • (4) The sequential number of the subperiodic group type.

    • (5) The full international (Hermann–Mauguin) symbol for the subperiodic group type.

    • (6) The Patterson symmetry.

  • Third line:

    This line is used to indicate the cell choice in the case of layer groups p11a (L5) and p112/a (L7), the origin choice for the three layer groups p4/n (L52), p4/nbm (L62) and p4/nmm (L64), and the setting for the 15 rod groups with two distinct Hermann–Mauguin setting symbols (see Table[link]).

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