Tables for
Volume F
Crystallography of biological macromolecules
Edited by M. G. Rossmann and E. Arnold

International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. F, ch. 11.5, pp. 236-245   | 1 | 2 |

Chapter 11.5. The use of partially recorded reflections for post refinement, scaling and averaging X-ray diffraction data

C. G. van Beek,a R. Bolotovskya§ and M. G. Rossmanna*

aDepartment of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1392, USA
Correspondence e-mail:


Bernal, R., Burch, A., Fane, B. & Rossmann, M. G. (1998). Unpublished results.
Blessing, R. H. (1997). Outlier treatment in data merging. J. Appl. Cryst. 30, 421–426.
Bolotovsky, R. & Coppens, P. (1997). The ϕ extent of the reflection range in the oscillation method according to the mosaicity-cap model. J. Appl. Cryst. 30, 65–70.
Bolotovsky, R., Steller, I. & Rossmann, M. G. (1998). The use of partial reflections for scaling and averaging X-ray area dectector data. J. Appl. Cryst. 31, 708–717.
Choi, H. K., Lee, S., Zhang, Y. P., McKinney, B. R., Wengler, G., Rossmann, M. G. & Kuhn, R. J. (1996). Structural analysis of Sindbis virus capsid mutants involving assembly and catalysis. J. Mol. Biol. 262, 151–167.
Choi, H. K., Tong, L., Minor, W., Dumas, P., Boege, U., Rossmann, M. G. & Wengler, G. (1991). Structure of Sindbis virus core protein reveals a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase and the organization of the virion. Nature (London), 354, 37–43.
Colbert, C. & Bolin, J. (1999). Unpublished results.
Dokland, T., McKenna, R., Ilag, L. L., Bowman, B. R., Incardona, N. L., Fane, B. A. & Rossmann, M. G. (1997). Structure of a viral procapsid with molecular scaffolding. Nature (London), 389, 308–313.
Fox, G. C. & Holmes, K. C. (1966). An alternative method of solving the layer scaling equations of Hamilton, Rollett and Sparks. Acta Cryst. 20, 886–891.
Gewirth, D. (1996). The HKL manual. A description of the programs DENZO, XDSPLAYF and SCALEPACK, 5th ed., pp. 87–90. Yale University, New Haven, USA.
Greenhough, T. J. & Helliwell, J. R. (1982). Oscillation camera data processing: reflecting range and prediction of partiality. I. Conventional X-ray sources. J. Appl. Cryst. 15, 338–351.
Hamilton, W. C., Rollett, J. S. & Sparks, R. A. (1965). On the relative scaling of X-ray photographs. Acta Cryst. 18, 129–130.
Otwinowski, Z. & Minor, W. (1997). Processing of X-ray diffraction data collected in oscillation mode. Methods Enzymol. 276, 307–326.
Rodgers, D. W. (1994). Cryocrystallography. Structure, 2, 1135–1140.
Rossmann, M. G. (1979). Processing oscillation diffraction data for very large unit cells with an automatic convolution technique and profile fitting. J. Appl. Cryst. 12, 225–238.
Rossmann, M. G., Arnold, E., Erickson, J. W., Frankenberger, E. A., Griffith, J. P., Hecht, H. J., Johnson, J. E., Kamer, G., Luo, M., Mosser, A. G., Rueckert, R. R., Sherry, B. & Vriend, G. (1985). Structure of a human common cold virus and functional relationship to other picornaviruses. Nature (London), 317, 145–153.
Rossmann, M. G., Leslie, A. G. W., Abdel-Meguid, S. S. & Tsukihara, T. (1979). Processing and post-refinement of oscillation camera data. J. Appl. Cryst. 12, 570–581.
Rossmann, M. G., Momany, C. A., Cheng, B. & Chakravarty, S. (1997). Unpublished results.
Winkler, F. K., Schutt, C. E. & Harrison, S. C. (1979). The oscillation method for crystals with very large unit cells. Acta Cryst. A35, 901–911.
Wonacott, A. J. (1977). Geometry of the oscillation method. In The rotation method in crystallography, edited by U. W. Arndt & A. J. Wonacott, pp. 75–103. Amsterdam: North Holland.