International
Tables for
Crystallography
Volume H
Powder diffraction
Edited by C. J. Gilmore, J. A. Kaduk and H. Schenk

International Tables for Crystallography (2018). Vol. H, ch. 2.3, p. 79

Table 2.3.4 

C. J. Howarda* and E. H. Kisia

aSchool of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Correspondence e-mail:  chris.howard@newcastle.edu.au

Table 2.3.4| top | pdf |
Details of selected spallation neutron sources

SourceTypeLocationProton energyCurrentAverage powerTarget(s)Repetition rate (Hz)Moderator(s)
CSNS Short pulse Institute of High Energy Physics, Guangdong, China 1.6 GeV 62.5 µA 100 kW Tungsten 25 Water, 2 × liquid hydrogen
ESS Long pulse European Spallation Source, Lund, Sweden 2 GeV 2.5 mA 5 MW Tungsten wheel (helium cooled) 14 2 × Liquid hydrogen (pancake geometry)
ISIS Short pulse Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, UK 800 MeV 200 µA 160 kW 2 × Tungsten 50 2 × Water, liquid methane, liquid hydrogen
              10 Hydrogen/methane, solid methane at 26 K
JSNS Short pulse J-Parc Centre, Tokai-mura, Japan 3 GeV 333 µA 1 MW Liquid mercury 25 Supercritical hydrogen
LANSCE Long pulse Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, USA 800 MeV 125 µA 100 kW Tungsten 20 Water, 2 × liquid hydrogen
SINQ Continuous Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland 590 MeV 1.64 mA§ 0.97 MW Lead Heavy water; cold source: liquid deuterium at 20 K
SNS Short pulse Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, USA 1 GeV 1.4 mA 1.4 MW Liquid mercury 60 2 × Water, 2 × liquid hydrogen
Under construction.
Currently operating at <0.5 MW.
§Current reaching spallation target after attenuation in muon source.