International Tables for Crystallography

Neutron techniques
I. S. Anderson, P. J. Brown, J. M. Carpenter, G. Lander, R. Pynn, J. M. Rowe, O. Schärpf, V. F. Sears and B. T. M. Willis. International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, ch. 4.4, pp. 430-487  [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000594 ]


The first section of this chapter briefly describes the fission and spallation mechanisms for producing neutrons. The general properties of the slow neutron spectra that they produce are discussed and the methods of using beams from steady (fission reactor) sources and pulsed (accelerator-driven) sources are compared. The second section provides an overview of the different kinds of beam-definition devices. Resolution functions are then described in the third section. Scattering lengths for neutrons are tabulated in the fourth section, and scattering and absorption cross sections, isotope effects and correction for electromagnetic interactions are discussed. The fifth section gives tables of the coefficients in analytic approximations to the form factors used in the calculation of the cross sections for magnetic scattering of neutrons. The coefficients for atoms and ions in the 3d and 4d transition series are derived from wavefunctions obtained using Hartree–Fock theory and the coefficients for the rare-earth and actinide ions are obtained by fitting the analytic forms to published form factors calculated from Dirac–Fock wavefunctions. In the final section, the absorption cross sections and 1/e penetration depths of the elements are tabulated for neutrons of 1.8 Å wavelength.

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About International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography is the definitive resource and reference work for crystallography. The series consists of eight volumes and comprises articles and tables of data relevant to crystallographic research and to applications of crystallographic methods in all sciences concerned with the structure and properties of materials.