International Tables for Crystallography

Powder diffraction by minerals
R. Arletti, G. Cruciani and G. Ferraris. International Tables for Crystallography (2019). Vol. H, ch. 7.14, pp. 885-892  [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000988 ]


Selected examples of the main applications of powder diffraction in the study of the crystal structure, stability and evolution of minerals and their synthetic analogues are reviewed and discussed. Given that X-rays are by far the main radiation source used, the reported examples refer primarily to X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). The examples span from the characterization of new mineral species to mineral physics investigations. A section is dedicated to a short overview of the application of XRPD to the study of minerals related to human health, the biosphere and planetary exploration.

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About International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography is the definitive resource and reference work for crystallography. The series consists of nine volumes and comprises articles and tables of data relevant to crystallographic research and to applications of crystallographic methods in all sciences concerned with the structure and properties of materials.