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 Results for DC.creator="J." AND DC.creator="M." AND DC.creator="Cowley" in section 4.3.8 of volume C
Crystal structure determination by high-resolution electron microscopy
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8, pp. 419-429 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... subject of HREM can be found in the texts by Cowley (1981) and Spence (1988b). The sign conventions used throughout ... lattice fringes with crystal thickness in the two-beam approximation (Cowley, 1959; Hashimoto, Mannami & Naiki, 1961). At the exact Bragg ... cell diagonal. It is readily shown that if when n, m are integers and a and b are the two ...

Alternative methods
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.7, pp. 427-428 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... and contrast of STEM and TEM images will be identical (Cowley, 1969). Practical considerations of instrumental convenience distinguish particularly useful ... the incident-beam diameter and as small as about 0.2nm (Cowley, 1992). The coherent interference between diffracted beams within such ... steps by transmission electron microscopy. Philos. Mag. 30, 549-557. Cowley, J. M. (1969). Image contrast in transmission scanning ...

Resolution and hyper-resolution
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.6, p. 427 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... original proposal for holography was intended for electron microscopy [see Cowley (1981) for a review]. The aim of image-processing ... be removed. Of the many possible forms of electron holography (Cowley, 1994), two show particular promise of useful improvements of resolution. ... transmitted through the specimen by use of an electrostatic biprism (Möllenstedt & Düker, 1956). The hologram consists of ...

Computing methods
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.5, pp. 425-427 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... methods, or (v) power-series evaluation. Two other solutions, the Cowley-Moodie polynomial solution and the Feynman path-integral solution, have ... the method of periodic continuation has been used extensively (Grinton & Cowley, 1971). Since, for kilovolt electrons traversing thin crystals, the transverse spreading of the dynamical wavefunction is limited (Cowley, 1981), the complex image amplitude at a particular point ...

Parameters affecting HREM images
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.4, pp. 424-425 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... to phonon excitation may contribute high-resolution detail to images (Cowley, 1988). For measurements of the imaginary part of the ... G. R., Lynch, D. F., Moodie, A. F. & O'Keefe, M. A. (1973). n-Beam lattice images. III. Upper limits ... Acta Cryst. A29, 138-147. Budinger, T. F. & Glaeser, R. M. (1976). Measurement of focus and spherical aberration of ...

Crystal structure images
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.3, pp. 422-424 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... 4.3.8.5 and Section 4.3.4. The projected-charge-density (PCD) approximation (Cowley & Moodie, 1960) gives the HREM image intensity (for the simplified ... focus condition (Scherzer, 1949) for the interpretation of structure images (Cowley & Iijima, 1972). This approximation neglects multiple scattering of the ... For point defects and their ordering, in tunnel structures, Yagi & Cowley (1978); in semiconductors, Zakharov, Pasemann & Rozhanski (1982); in metals, ...

Lattice-fringe images
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.2, pp. 421-422 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... lattice fringes with crystal thickness in the two-beam approximation (Cowley, 1959; Hashimoto, Mannami & Naiki, 1961). At the exact Bragg ... cell diagonal. It is readily shown that if when n, m are integers and a and b are the two dimensions ... can be chosen, regardless of the number of beams contributing (Cowley & Moodie, 1960). For closed-form expressions for the ...

Introduction
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.1, pp. 419-421 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... subject of HREM can be found in the texts by Cowley (1981) and Spence (1988b). The sign conventions used throughout ... form and so is consistent with X-ray usage. References Cowley, J. M. (1981). Diffraction physics, 2nd ed. New York: ...

Combined use of HREM and electron diffraction
Spence, J. C. H. and Cowley, J. M.  International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, Section 4.3.8.8, pp. 428-429 [ doi:10.1107/97809553602060000593 ]
... crystallography. New York/London: Plenum Press. Dorset, D. L., McCourt, M. P., Fryer, J. R., Tivol, W. F. & Turner, J. N. (1994). The tangent formula in electron crystallography. ...

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